Kosher Designs LLP - Batik Cushions

Batik (Javanese pronunciation: [Batek]; Indonesian: [Batik]), an indigenous craft from Indonesia in which the symphony of the Wooden block and Wax brings an uncanny allure to the fabric.

Blocks for Block batik printing for Kosher Designs LLP


The style of wax-resist printing, has had  great feats during its evolution throughout history. The craft likely invaded the creative hearts from Asia to the Islands of Malay Archipelago and to the Middle East across the Caravan route.
Throughout the dynasties, the craft has been growing at an astonishing pace.
Sui Dynasty(AD 581-618) – China,
Nara Period(AD 710-794) – Japan,
Frescoes from the Ajanta caves, India,
Egyptian Linen(5th Century AD),
Holland(1835) saw Batik in the factories and in 1940s, Swiss imitated the craft.
And by the 1900’s, by Germans’ grace, batik was mass produced to touch the corners of the world at an affordable price.

In India, Batik is prominently practiced in Calcutta and a small village, Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh.


Types of Batik

Batik, as a craft and an art of expression could be achieved in various ways:
  • Kalamkari (Batik using a dip pen)
for Kosher Designs LLP
  • Splash Batik (wax is splashed or poured onto the fabric)
for Kosher Designs LLP
  • Brushed Batik (wax is brushed/stroked onto the fabric)
for Kosher Designs LLP
  • Screen Batik (stencil – similar to screen printing)
Squeeze being used for screen printing for Kosher Designs LLP
  • Block Batik Print (The blocks are wax-dipped and stamped onto the fabric)
3 Batik Prints for Kosher Designs LLP

How It’s done

Wooden Block Carving in process for Kosher Designs LLPBatik is a labour intensive craft with multiple of steps in the way to achieve the desired outcome.

Broadly, the process is classified as the following categories
  • Preparing the fabric: Before any dyeing process, the fabric is soaked in TR oil (Turkey Red Oil) a.k.a. Sulphate Castor oil to defoam and emulsify the fabric. TR oil also acts as a surfactant that mixes very well with water and creates a milky base.
    The fabric should be washed in a specialized detergent, PTD-Professional textile Detergent. This helps in de-starching, removing oils, sizing, pre-shrinking and removing unwanted marks and stains. It is always to suggested to use RTD(Ready-to-dye,) RFD(Ready-for-dyeing) or PFD(Prepared-for-dyeing) fabrics for saving time and resources.
  • Stretching the fabric: The fabric is stretched onto a frame or a hoop that keeps it flat/horizontal.
  • Preparing the Wax: This is a crucial step, the type/combination of wax used defines the amount of cracks in the design. Usually, Bee-wax and Paraffin-wax and amber are used in desired proportions. Bee-wax provide lots of cracks whereas Paraffin restrict the cracks (Bee-wax and Paraffin in 30:70 ratio.)
    The wax mixture is prepared in double boilers, electric wax pot or traditional fire pots at the temperature range of 220-240 degrees.
  • Wax application: As mentioned above, wax could be applied in number of ways to suit the desired outcome. We can use splatter/splash, dip, brush, pen, block or screen for the application.
  • Preparing Dyes: For Batik, Fibre-reactive/Vat dyes are mixed in lukewarm water tubs for best results. The chemical bonds of these dyes are permanent, hence the color doesn’t withers off after the final processing.
  • Naphthol Dip: All the Cold reactive dyes are done in two steps. First, there is naphthol dip which determines the final color outcome.
  • Dyeing the fabric: After the Naphthol dip, the final dipping of the fabric takes place according the color requirements. Second bath is a diazotized base/salt solution which forms non-washable dye molecules within the fibres.
    Lightest colors to be put on first and successively we move onto darker colors.
  • Rinse and Wash: Before the fabric is dipped into other colors, rinsed with Synthrapol and is allowed to dry properly. Note: only cold water is used in order to prevent the wax from washing away.
  • Re-Dyeing the fabric if required
  • Wax removal: Removing the wax by dipping the fabric into boiling water. The water is heated with the a hint of PTD to simmer/boiling temperature, fabric is dipped and stirred slowly to completely remove the wax. This boils away the wax, which you can collect later.

After the removal, not more than 40% of the originally used wax is recovered which could be reused for wax resisting.

Our People

Dyeing department artisan for Kosher Designs LLP
Kalamkari department artisan for Kosher Designs LLP
Block Barik department artisan for Kosher Designs LLP
Kalamkari department artisan for Kosher Designs LLP
Kalamkari department artisan for Kosher Designs LLP
De-waxing department artisan for Kosher Designs LLP
De-waxing department artisan for Kosher Designs LLP
– – – x – – –
Batik, with its ever distinguishable beauty of cracked colored and resisted motifs, is an ever-demanded craft.

– The imaginations to life –


Stacked Batik Cushions Covers by Kosher Designs LLP
Scattered Batik Cushion Covers by Kosher Designs LLP
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